Prof Carl Heneghan & Tom Jefferson write at the Spectator about nosocomial infection in the U.K. In this article they mention our genomics and outbreak response (Lessells, Moosa & de Oliveira 2020) work on a large hospital outbreak in South Africa.
The KZN Covid-19 Research Consortium invites researchers, scientists, and clinicians to submit an abstract for its upcoming virtual conference. Abstracts should relate to KZN-specific Covid-19 research findings and/or experiences and practice. An example of experience/practice may include experiences of working in hospital or clinic settings; or what the challenges were in clinical research conduct.
Published in a recent medRxiv* paper, researchers from South Africa, the United Kingdom, and Brazil found that these mutations in SARS-CoV-2 lineages are localized to South Africa. These unique strains, not found elsewhere in the world, are thought to have contributed around 42% to the country's total infection rate.
Proposals will be reviewed by a selection committee composed of KRISP, UKZN, eThekwini, Stanford and SPARK Global faculty and commercial and industry experts. Based on the compiled rankings, finalists will be invited to present an oral pitch to the review panel in early December, 2020. Approximately 3-5 proposals selected for awards (number dependent on available funding) will be notified before the end of December, 2020.
WHAT: Weekly interaction with members of the media to share critical updates on steps taken to implement key aspects of the joint continental strategy for COVID-19 response; and to also highlight the coordinated efforts by African Union Member States to combat the pandemic in their respective countries.
Ahead of the emergence of the SARS-CoV -2 outbreak in South Africa KRISP started preparing for it. KRISP really rose to the occasion in the fight against COVID-19 pandemic in Africa. In the process, KRISP trained 1000s of health care workers, produced genomic protocols & capacitated dozens of laboratories in Africa to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic
The use of genomics to support the response to COVID-19 and containment of the virus in Africa is currently low. To address this suboptimal use of genomics, the Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Institute of Pathogen Genomics, in consultation with the Africa CDC led African Task Force for Coronavirus Preparedness and Response (AFTCOR) laboratory technical working group.
High Resolution analysis of Transmission Dynamics of Sars-Cov-2 in Two Major Hospital Outbreaks in South Africa Leveraging Intrahost Diversity.
San EJ, Ngcapu S, Kanzi A, Tegally H, Fonseca V, Giandhari J, Wilkinson E, Chimukangara B, Pillay S, Singh L, Fish M, Gazy I, Khanyile KS, Lessells R, de Oliveira T, MedRxiv (2020), https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.11.15.20231993:.
Cost-effectiveness of public health strategies for COVID-19 epidemic control in South Africa: a microsimulation modelling study.
Reddy KP, Shebl FM, Foote JHA, Harling G, Scott JA, Panella C, Fitzmaurice KP, Flanagan C, Hyle EP, Neilan AM, Mohareb AM, Bekker L-G, Lessells R, Ciaranello AL, Wood R, Losina E, Freedberg KA, Kazemian P, Siedner MJ , Lancet Global Health (2020), https://doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30452-6:.
Major new lineages of SARS-CoV-2 emerge and spread in South Africa during lockdown.
Tegally H, Wilkinson E, Lessells R, Giandhari J, Pillay S, Msomi N, Mlisana K, Bhiman J, Allam M, Ismail A, Engelbrecht S, Van Zyl G, Preiser W, Williamson C, Pettruccione F, Sigal A, Gazy I, Hardie D, Hsiao M, Martin D, York D, Goedhals D, San EJ, Giovanetti M, Lourenco J, Alcantara LCJ, de Oliveira T, medRxiv (2020), https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.10.28.20221143:.
Portable sequencing in the field and the classroom: a retrospective examination of the circulation of DENV1 and DENV2 in Brazil.
Adelino TER, Giovanetti M, Fonseca V, Xavier J, Salgado A, Nascimento V, Demarchi LH, Oliveira M, Silva V, Mello A, Muricy G, Santos R, Oliveira E, Junior JAC, Iani F, de Filippis AMB, Abreu AL, de Jesus R, Albuquerque CF, Rico J, Said R, Silva J, Moura N, Leite P, Vinhal L, Kashima S, Martinez AA, Khouri F, Vazquez C, Cunha R, Araujo E, Tosta S, Fabri A, Chalhoub F, Lemos P, de Bruycker-Nogueira F, Lichs G, Zardin M, Cardozo F, Goncalves C, Fernandez Z, Slavov S, Pereira LA, Mendonca AF, Pereira F, Magalhaes J, de Castro A, Lima M, Nogueira R, Goes A, Azevedo V, Ramalho D, Oliveira W, Medeiros A, Pimentel V, Latin American Genomic Surveillance Arboviral Network, Holmes EC, de Oliveira T, Lourenco J, Alcantara LCJ, medRxiv (2020), https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.09.01.20183301:.
Adding a Voice to the Unique Ethical Considerations in Molecular HIV Surveillance.
Mutenherwa F, Wassenaar D, de Oliveira T, The American Journal of Bioethics (2020), https://doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2020.1806399:.
Detection of Inducible Replication-Competent HIV-1 Subtype C Provirus Despite Long-Term Antiretroviral Treatment in Perinatally Infected Adolescents in Botswana.
Koofhethile CK, Moyo S, Kotokwe KP, Chang C, Mokgethi P, Muchoba L, Mokgweetsi S, Makhema J, Lockman S, Gaseitsiwe S, de Oliveira T, Essex M, Shapiro R, Kanki P, Novitsky V, AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses (2020), doi: 10.1089/AID.2020.0097:.
Next Generation Sequencing and Bioinformatics Analysis of Family Genetic Inheritance.
Kanzi AM, San JE , Chimukangara B, Wilkinson E, Ramsuran V, de Oliveira T, Frontiers in Genetics (2020), 11: 1250, https://doi.org/10.3389/fgene.2020.544162:.
How a team of scientists worked tirelessly to help the COVID-19 response in Africa
By: Pillay S, Giandhari J, Tegally H, Wilkinson E, Chimukangara B, Lessells R, Mattison S, Moosa Y, Gazy I, Fish M, Singh L, Khanyile KS, Fonseca V, Giovanetti M, Alcantara LCJ, de Oliveira T
Genome Detective Coronavirus Typing Tool for rapid identification and characterization of novel coronavirus genomes
This is the first version of the Zika typing tool, which uses phylogenetic analysis to identify the species and genotype of the virus.
This is the first version of the Chikungunya typing tool, which uses phylogenetic analysis to identify the species and genotype of the virus.
This is the first version of the Yellow Fever typing tool, which uses phylogenetic analysis to identify the species and genotype of the virus.
This is the first version of our Arbovirus typing tool for Chikungunya, Dengue, Yellow Fever and Zika
Phylogenetic tool to identify the HIV-1 subtypes and recombinants. Query sequences are analysed for recombination using bootscanning methods. The version 3 contains new CRFs (CRF01_AE to CRF47_BF).
KRISP has been created by the coordinated effort of the University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN), the Technology Innovation Agency (TIA) and the South African Medical Research Countil (SAMRC).