Publication

Title: Depression, anxiety and stress symptoms in patients presenting with dyspepsia at a regional hospital in KwaZulu-Natal province
Authors: Tshabalala SJ, Tomita A, Ramlall S .
Journal: South African Journal of Psychiatry,2019;25(0), a1382. https://doi.org/10.4102/ sajpsychiatry.v25i0.1382:25(0), a1382. https://doi.org/10.4102/ sajpsychiatry.v25i0.1382 (2019)

Abstract

Background: Depression, anxiety and stress (DAS) have been shown to be co-morbid with dyspepsia. Local data on the factors associated with these co-morbidities could inform the role of psychiatric intervention in affected patients. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the frequency of undiagnosed DAS and their associated protective and risk correlates in a sample of patients undergoing endoscopies for dyspepsia.

Setting: The study was conducted at a regional hospital’s gastro-intestinal unit in KwaZulu- Natal province.

Method: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 201 in- and outpatients with symptoms of dyspepsia awaiting endoscopy. Information on DAS symptomatology (using the DASS-21 screening questionnaire, as well as socio-demographic and clinical data) were collected.

Analyses: Following a descriptive analysis of the participants’ socio-demographic and clinical details, linear regression models were fitted to identify potential risk and protective correlates linked to DAS symptomatology.

Results: The mean age of participants (N = 201) was 48.89 years, of whom approximately two- thirds (n = 133; 66.17%) were women, 97% (n = 195) were African and 64.68% (n = 130) resided in rural areas. Anxiety was the most prevalent symptom category (n = 149; 74.13%) versus depression (n = 96; 47.76%) and stress (n = 68; 33.83%) in each category of symptom (mild to extremely) severity. In the severe and extremely severe range, anxiety existed without co-morbid depression or stress in 61.19% of anxious patients. Alcohol use was significantly associated with all three symptom categories (p < 0.01).

Conclusions: Given high frequencies of depression and anxiety in patients undergoing endoscopies for dyspepsia, screening for common mental disorders is essential.

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Citation: Tshabalala SJ, Tomita A, Ramlall S . Depression, anxiety and stress symptoms in patients presenting with dyspepsia at a regional hospital in KwaZulu-Natal province South African Journal of Psychiatry,2019;25(0), a1382. https://doi.org/10.4102/ sajpsychiatry.v25i0.1382:25(0), a1382. https://doi.org/10.4102/ sajpsychiatry.v25i0.1382 (2019).


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