Title: Molecular surveillance of the on-going SARS-COV-2 epidemic in Ribeirao Preto City, Brazil
Authors: Slavov SN, Giovanetti M, Bezerra RS, Fonseca V, Santos EV, Rodrigues ES, Adelino T, Xavier J, Borges JS, Evaristo M, Pereira GC, Yamamoto AY, ClÃÂ© DV, Calado RT, Covas DT, Alcantara LCJ, Kashima S.
Journal: Infect Genet Evol,2021; Volume 93, September 2021, 104976: (2021)
The Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the causative agent of an unprecedented worldwide pandemic. Brazil demonstrates one of the highest numbers of confirmed SARS-CoV-2 cases, and SÃ£o Paulo State is the epicenter of the pandemics in the country. Nevertheless, little is known about the SARS-CoV-2 circulation in other cities in the State than SÃ£o Paulo city. The objective of this study was to analyze phylogenetically SARS-CoV-2 strains circulating in city of RibeirÃ£o Preto at the beginning of the pandemic and during the actual second wave. Twenty-nine nasopharyngeal SARS-CoV-2 RNA positive samples were sequenced by nanopore technology (18 obtained at the initial period of the pandemic and 11 during the second wave) and analyzed them phylogenetically. The performed analysis demonstrated that the majority of the strains obtained in the initial period of the pandemic in RibeirÃ£o Preto belonged mainly to the B1.1.33 lineage (61.1%), but B.1.1 (27.8%) and B.1.1.28 (11.1%) lineages were also identified. In contrast, the second wave strains were composed exclusively by the Brazilian variant of concern (VOC) P.1 (91%) and P.2 (9%) lineages. The obtained phylogenetic results were suggestive of successive SARS-CoV-2 lineage substitution in this Brazilian region by the P.1 VOC. The performed study examines the SARS-CoV-2 genotypes in RibeirÃ£o Preto city via genomic surveillance data. The obtained findings can contribute for continuous long-term genomic surveillance of SARS-CoV-2 due to the accelerated dynamics of viral lineage substitution, predict further waves and examine lineage behavior during SARS-CoV-2 vaccination.
Citation: Slavov SN, Giovanetti M, Bezerra RS, Fonseca V, Santos EV, Rodrigues ES, Adelino T, Xavier J, Borges JS, Evaristo M, Pereira GC, Yamamoto AY, ClÃ© DV, Calado RT, Covas DT, Alcantara LCJ, Kashima S. Molecular surveillance of the on-going SARS-COV-2 epidemic in Ribeirao Preto City, Brazil Infect Genet Evol,2021; Volume 93, September 2021, 104976: (2021).