The report outlines in detail how SARS-CoV-2, which causes COVID-19, spread through Netcare's 149-bed facility in Durban
Publication: Report into a nosocomial outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) at Netcare St Augustine's Hospital.
Richard Lessells, infectious diseases specialist at KwaZulu?Natal Research Innovation & Sequencing Platform, Krisp
Tulio de Oliveira, Krisp director
Yunus Moosa, head of the department of infectious diseases at the University of KwaZulu-Natal's Nelson R. Mandela School of Medicine
Publication date: 15 May 2020
What the documents are about:
- The hospital outbreak was caused by a single patient admitted to the hospital's emergency department.
- At St. Augustine's, 80 staff and 39 patients in at least five different wards were infected between 9 March and 30 April.
- The outbreak led to an additional 21 cases at a Durban nursing home at St. Augustine's outpatient dialysis unit.
- The main way the virus spread was most probably through droplets containing the virus transferred by health workers.
- Slow detection of COVID-19 cases fuelled the spread of the virus. By the time health workers picked up the first case, 16 other people had already been infected.
- Staff must be retrained in COVID-19 prevention with a special focus on hand hygiene.
- Facilities must monitor staff adherence to infection control rules.
- Physical distance inside and outside the hospital is crucial.
- Facilities could consider testing staff weekly.
- A three-tier system must be put in place for both entry and admission to the facility. That includes a 'red zone' for confirmed COVID-19 patients, an 'orange zone' for suspected cases, and a 'green zone' for people who are unlikely to be infected.
News date: 2020-05-29
KRISP has been created by the coordinated effort of the University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN), the Technology Innovation Agency (TIA) and the South African Medical Research Countil (SAMRC).